How Did Dogs Become Man's Best Friend?
How Did Dogs Become Man’s Best Friend?

How Did Dogs Become Man’s Best Friend?

Dogs have long been man’s best friend. In fact, loving memorials to our furry friends have been found from Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece with epitaphs similar to those we would read to our own dogs today. While research has shown that dogs were first domesticated 15,000 years ago, the reason why dogs became our constant companions is an interesting one. In this article, we look at some of the factors that made dogs such close companions for humans.

1. Intelligence

For a long time, dogs were thought to be intelligent enough to recognize their names. However, recent studies prove that they can also count and identify changes in the number of items. In puppies, this activity occurs in the brain’s parietotemporal region, which corresponds to the human’s parietal-lobe. Research shows dogs have a natural ability to discern quantities. This means, unlike many other animals, dogs can interpret objects the same way humans do.

However, one disadvantage that our furry friends have is that they do not have a prefrontal cortex. This is the region of the brain that allows humans to do complex calculations like algebra and calculus.

2. Attentiveness

Both wolves and dogs can read our body language. Canines can anticipate what their owner will do by watching them closely. They can tell when you are about to serve them food or if you are preparing them for a trip to the local veterinarian.

The attentiveness improves the quality of interactions between the two species. Pups can tell when the owner does not want to be disturbed. Their unique personality has made it possible for dogs to live as part of the family in many American homes.

3. The Desire for Close Connections

Studies indicate that oxytocin levels can spike when dogs and their owners stare into each other’s eyes. An increase in oxytocin amounts in dogs is matched by a corresponding rise of the hormone in humans. Researchers have noted that the same phenomenon is not present in wolves. Researchers also indicate that oxytocin may have been essential for mediating the bond that may have started the process of domestication.

Take Care of Your Pet the Way They Care for You

The domestication of dogs created a relationship of mutualism. While you rely on your dog for support, your dog relies on you for care. Make sure to take this responsibility seriously by taking your furry friend to the local veterinarian for annual check-ups, scheduled vaccinations, and dental cleanings to keep them in good health.

If you’re looking for a local veterinarian in your area to take great care of your pet, the BVSPCA is the place for you. For more information on our veterinary services such as spaying and neutering, contact us today.

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